Hebron: The City of the Patriarch

Al Khalil  Situated to the south of Bethlehem, Hebron is one of the oldest continuously inhabited towns in the world.
History shows the Canaanites were living in Hebron as early as 2000 B.C.E. It is believed that Adam and Eve lived in
Hebron after their expulsion from the Garden of Eden.
Holy to Muslims, Christians, and Jews alike as the burial place of Abraham, Al – Khalil. The Abraham Mosque, which houses
the tombs of the Patriarchs, dominates the city center’s landscape. Inside the mosque, stunning stained – glass windows
soften and transform sunlight falling upon the marble floors and stone–inscribed walls. The huge symmetric stones in the
walls of this mosque are in the style of Herod the Great.
Hebron is known for its lush grape vineyards, pottery, glassware, leatherworks, and other inventive arts. Lively, colorful,
and creative are the most common words used by tourists to describe this city.
To the north of town are the famous Hebron glass factories, world-renowned for producing exquisite blue glass. Visitors
can watch the process of glass blowing from beginning to end and choose from a colorful selection of vases, jars, and
ornaments. Visitors also can find interesting pottery in Hebron, some of it painted and other pieces left natural.
Fanciers of leather goods will want to check out Hebron tanneries. Hebron also is famous for its beautiful for its
beautiful colorful rugs.
Hebron market (souq) is a wonderful adventure of arched roofs, alleyways, and shops, where you can buy everything from
olive wood, spices, dried fruits (the raisins are particularly delicious), jewelry, and avant-garde baskets made from
old rubber tires. In step with its focus on the arts, Hebron is creating a museum for archeological and cultural artifacts
in an old hammam (bathhouse).
Approximately 3 kilometers north of the town center is the Beit Ilanim site, where an angel told Abraham and Sarah that
she would bear a son, Isaac. Another compelling site is Masqobiya, where a huge oak tree stands, indicating the place
where Abraham invited the angels to rest and eat.

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